After speeding along the Mekong River in a speedboat from Laos’ Lambla State for more than 6 hours, I finally crossed the border between Laos and Thailand and entered Chiang Rai, an important city in northern Thailand. The remnants of the 93rd Division of the “National Army”, which had made Thailand, Laos and Myanmar uncomfortable, unable to fight or send away, were stationed here. In 2007, I visited the 93rd Division. In order to survive, they faced the exile of foreign countries and fought bravely. In order to live, cultivate and plant, hardships and hardships; For the sake of the Chinese root and national soul, the establishment of Chinese schools is deeply attached to the motherland. All this has left a deep impression on me. In 2010, in order to learn more about this “disabled army”, I once again went to Thailand’s Golden Triangle, Mesla and other places to make field visits.
The Origin of “Disabled Army”
It was March 9, 1950. Under the pursuit of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, more than 800 members of the Kuomintang’s last army on the mainland crossed the Yunnan border with its head Li Guohui and broke into Myanmar. They joined another remnant army led by Tan Zhong to form a “revival army”. And recruit soldiers, the team expanded from 1,400 to more than 3,000, becoming a mighty armed force in the Golden Triangle.
This is the road map for the disabled army to march out of the mainland and into Myanmar and Thailand (the picture was taken at the Memorial Hall of the Righteous People in North Mesla Thailand)
In order to safeguard its sovereignty, the Burmese government asked them to withdraw from Myanmar. Many negotiations between the two sides failed and Burmese government troops launched attacks on the remnant Kuomintang troops. The battle lasted for more than two months and ended in the defeat of the Burmese army.
The activities of the disabled army attracted the attention of Chiang Kai-shek in Taiwan. In order to establish a base for “counterattacking the mainland”, in 1951 Chiang sent Lieutenant General Li Mi, who was the commander of the 8th Kuomintang Army, to lead the remnant army. Li changed “Revival Army” to “Yunnan Anti-Communist National Salvation Army”. From April to July 1951, Li Mi led his troops to counterattack Yunnan and captured four counties along the border. By 1953, Li had expanded his troops to more than 18,500. It occupies an area of 150,000 square kilometers in Myanmar and Thailand.
This is a photo of the founding of the army to raise the flag (the photo was taken at the Yimin Loyalty Memorial Hall in the north of Meslotai)
The military conflict with the Burmese government has been condemned by the international community. On April 23, 1953, the United Nations made a resolution demanding that they disarm and withdraw to Taiwan. Under the supervision of the United Nations, Li Mi led 6,000 people to withdraw from Taiwan from November 1953 to March 1954. But some remained.
From 1954 to 1955, the Burmese army launched another offensive against the remnant army. Once again ended in the defeat of the government forces. It was not until January 1961 that the elite troops of the Burmese army, with the cooperation of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, defeated the remnant troops. Under renewed pressure from the Burmese government and international public opinion, the United Nations demanded the withdrawal of the remnants of the “national army”. The Taiwan authorities had to demand the withdrawal of the remnants of the “national army”. And withdrew to Taiwan for the second time from Myanmar in May 1961. In this way, only Li Wenhuan and Duan Xiwen’s Third and Fifth Armies were left with a total of more than 2,000 people. However, Li Wenhuan, who started the great cause of the Golden Triangle, handed over military power to Li Mi and flew to Taipei in 51.
(To be continued) (Some text materials are selected from Baidu)